Reviewed and updated for accuracy on May 28, 2020 by Jennifer Coates, DVM
作为父母和照顾者，我们学到的最早的课程之一是“婴儿校样”的概念 - 在我们儿童的方式下避免有毒物质和危险情况。作为宠物父母，我们需要做同样的事情。但与孩子不同，而不是这是一个临时义务，这是我们在宠物的生活中需要做的事情。
“If we are putting some kind of chemical into the air merely to mask scents, then we have to be concerned about the negative implications for our pets,” says holistic veterinarian Dr. Patrick Mahaney of California.
Sadly, some forms of air fresheners can be quite toxic, especially to animals (and children!) who might ingest the substances or not have the wherewithal to avoid parts of the home where they’ve been used.
使空气清新剂Dangerou的成分s for Pets
According to Dr. Mahaney, one of the main offenders in the ingredient list for most air fresheners are volatile organic compounds (VOC). VOCs are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at room temperature. This causes these compounds to easily turn into gasses or vapors from a solid or liquid form. This transformation is called volatility. In other words, volatility is just how air fresheners are meant to behave: dissipate into the air, thereby changing its scent.
Eye, nose and throat irritation
headaches, loss of coordination, lethargy and nausea
Some VOCs can cause cancer in animals; some are suspected or known to cause cancer in humans.
“Essential oils, which are included in many air freshener products, can be very toxic, especially to cats. If you simply have to have essential oils in the home, make sure they are kept in a location where your pets cannot come into direct contact with them,” says veterinarian Dr. Jennifer Coates of Fort Collins, Colorado.
“Also, birds are more sensitive to potential airborne toxins than are other animals, so I generally recommend a ‘better safe than sorry’ approach with the use of air fresheners around them.”
When it comes to using these products around our pets, a little information is your best defense. “Read the instructions on the side of the bottle and be sure you aresprayingthe recommended amount,” says Dr. Mahaney. “When you walk into a room that’s been heavily sprayed with air freshener, what does it do to your eyes and lungs? If it’s doing that to you, it’s also going to do that [or worse] to your pets.”
According to Dr. Mahaney, the negative effects of air fresheners may appear immediately or within a few hours or days after use. When you first use them, a pet might immediately withdraw from the area or cower. A pet might cough, sneeze, produce discharge from the eyes and/or nose, or suffer from vomiting, diarrhea,lethargy, or lack of appetite.
Long term effects are also possible. Dr. Mahaney says “Cats have had an increase in feline哮喘as a result of living in households where there are air fresheners, incense and cigarette smoke—or even just the aroma of cleaning products.”
However, these dangers don’t come from the air alone. They can also be caused by contamination from where air fresheners fall – where a pet might step, roll, or lick – or from products such as carpet shampoos and cleaners that are specifically made for surfaces.
“如果你要喷了一些留下香气的东西，我建议你没有让你的宠物进入它，”马哈西博士说。“如果你是清洁的，你不想留下一个重要的残留物 - 他们可以穿过它，并潜在地舔掉他们的爪子。”
Ingesting an air freshener can be even more dangerous than simply breathing it in. Any long-term usage products, such as solid or plug-in air fresheners, need to be closely monitored, and extra care needs to be taken when you dispose of them. If your pet is inclined to go through the trash, you might want to dispose of spent air fresheners directly in an outside trash receptacle.
“If an animal ingests an air freshener, I worry primarily about its effect on thegastrointestinal系统，“博士博士说。“活性成分和/或包装可能导致呕吐，腹泻等。根据所涉及的化学品和量，也可以进行全身效应。”并且这并不局限于化学味道的产品。“精油不仅会影响GI道，而且它们也与诸如狗中的搅拌，弱点，不稳定和震颤等神经系统问题相关 - 特别是在猫中。”
那么，你怎么知道你在家里使用的产品是否相对安全？Mahaney博士建议对某些研究进行研究aspca的毒物控制中心网站. This resource covers all sorts of toxins that your pet might encounter, from air fresheners, cleaning products, human and pet medications, foods, plants, and other substances. In case of a poisoning emergency, there is a 24-hour hotline at (888) 426-4435, although a $65 consultation fee might be required.
由David F. Kramer
Featured Image: iStock.com/Smikey26