Skip to main content

Reviewed and updated for accuracy on May 28, 2020 by Jennifer Coates, DVM

作为父母和照顾者,我们学到的最早的课程之一是“婴儿校样”的概念 - 在我们儿童的方式下避免有毒物质和危险情况。作为宠物父母,我们需要做同样的事情。但与孩子不同,而不是这是一个临时义务,这是我们在宠物的生活中需要做的事情。

我们做改善环境的一些事情,如清洁或使用化学空气清新剂,可能对我们的动物朋友构成危险,无论是毛茸茸,羽毛还是缩小的。那么,宠物所有者是否需要永远脱离他们的房间喷雾,插件,蜡烛,油和固体?这是一个不容易回答的问题。但是,在在家中使用这些产品时,有一些方法可以安全。

“If we are putting some kind of chemical into the air merely to mask scents, then we have to be concerned about the negative implications for our pets,” says holistic veterinarian Dr. Patrick Mahaney of California.

Sadly, some forms of air fresheners can be quite toxic, especially to animals (and children!) who might ingest the substances or not have the wherewithal to avoid parts of the home where they’ve been used.

使空气清新剂Dangerou的成分s for Pets

According to Dr. Mahaney, one of the main offenders in the ingredient list for most air fresheners are volatile organic compounds (VOC). VOCs are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at room temperature. This causes these compounds to easily turn into gasses or vapors from a solid or liquid form. This transformation is called volatility. In other words, volatility is just how air fresheners are meant to behave: dissipate into the air, thereby changing its scent.

不幸的是,这是涂料和清漆,化石燃料,苯,甲醛,制冷剂,气溶胶推进剂,香烟烟雾和干洗过程中的相同波动性。你不会在你的起居室里打开一罐油漆来提高空气的质量,但是当你打破空气清新剂时,这并不太远。

这些物质可能导致疾病的洗衣书。根据这一点环保局,VOC的健康效果可能包括:

  • Eye, nose and throat irritation

  • headaches, loss of coordination, lethargy and nausea

  • 肝脏,肾脏和中枢神经系统损伤

  • Some VOCs can cause cancer in animals; some are suspected or known to cause cancer in humans.

和A学习在环境影响评估审查中发表,对销售空气清新剂和洗衣洗涤剂的测试发现133种不同的VOC从25种产品中发出,平均每种产品为17 VOC。在这133个VOC中,24个被归类为美国联邦法律的毒性或危险,每种产品都至少排放了这些化合物中的一个。对于“绿色”产品,这些化合物的排放与其他产品没有显着差异。“

空气清新剂的自然替代品:精油更安全吗?

对于空气清新剂行业,最新的摇动短语是“精油”。尽管存在这种自然探测名称,但这些产品绝不是完全安全的。精油也被定义为挥发性,而这些物质是从花,树皮,浆果,根,种子和树林中提取的,并且具有一些潜在的药用和积极的影响,而且它们仍然对人和动物仍然非常有毒,特别是当它们被不正确使用时。

“Essential oils, which are included in many air freshener products, can be very toxic, especially to cats. If you simply have to have essential oils in the home, make sure they are kept in a location where your pets cannot come into direct contact with them,” says veterinarian Dr. Jennifer Coates of Fort Collins, Colorado.

“Also, birds are more sensitive to potential airborne toxins than are other animals, so I generally recommend a ‘better safe than sorry’ approach with the use of air fresheners around them.”

When it comes to using these products around our pets, a little information is your best defense. “Read the instructions on the side of the bottle and be sure you aresprayingthe recommended amount,” says Dr. Mahaney. “When you walk into a room that’s been heavily sprayed with air freshener, what does it do to your eyes and lungs? If it’s doing that to you, it’s also going to do that [or worse] to your pets.”

对宠物清新剂的毒性反应的迹象

According to Dr. Mahaney, the negative effects of air fresheners may appear immediately or within a few hours or days after use. When you first use them, a pet might immediately withdraw from the area or cower. A pet might cough, sneeze, produce discharge from the eyes and/or nose, or suffer from vomiting, diarrhea,lethargy, or lack of appetite.

Long term effects are also possible. Dr. Mahaney says “Cats have had an increase in feline哮喘as a result of living in households where there are air fresheners, incense and cigarette smoke—or even just the aroma of cleaning products.”

However, these dangers don’t come from the air alone. They can also be caused by contamination from where air fresheners fall – where a pet might step, roll, or lick – or from products such as carpet shampoos and cleaners that are specifically made for surfaces.

“如果你要喷了一些留下香气的东西,我建议你没有让你的宠物进入它,”马哈西博士说。“如果你是清洁的,你不想留下一个重要的残留物 - 他们可以穿过它,并潜在地舔掉他们的爪子。”

如果你的宠物吃空气清新剂,该怎么办

Ingesting an air freshener can be even more dangerous than simply breathing it in. Any long-term usage products, such as solid or plug-in air fresheners, need to be closely monitored, and extra care needs to be taken when you dispose of them. If your pet is inclined to go through the trash, you might want to dispose of spent air fresheners directly in an outside trash receptacle.

“If an animal ingests an air freshener, I worry primarily about its effect on thegastrointestinal系统,“博士博士说。“活性成分和/或包装可能导致呕吐,腹泻等。根据所涉及的化学品和量,也可以进行全身效应。”并且这并不局限于化学味道的产品。“精油不仅会影响GI道,而且它们也与诸如狗中的搅拌,弱点,不稳定和震颤等神经系统问题相关 - 特别是在猫中。”

“对于它来说有纤维性的东西可能导致消化窘迫,并且一些产品可能会通过小肠吸收并进入血液,”马欣博士解释道。

那么,你怎么知道你在家里使用的产品是否相对安全?Mahaney博士建议对某些研究进行研究aspca的毒物控制中心网站. This resource covers all sorts of toxins that your pet might encounter, from air fresheners, cleaning products, human and pet medications, foods, plants, and other substances. In case of a poisoning emergency, there is a 24-hour hotline at (888) 426-4435, although a $65 consultation fee might be required.

在真正的紧急情况下,请务必尽快将您的宠物送到兽医。

由David F. Kramer

Featured Image: iStock.com/Smikey26

帮助我们更好地制作petmd

Was this article helpful?

Baidu